Thursday, 20 June, 2024

Working principle and application of MPO


With the rapid development of information technology, optical fiber communication, as a high-speed, large-capacity transmission method, has been widely used. As an optical fiber connector, MPO (Multi-fiber Push-On) has the characteristics of high density, high reliability, and easy installation, and has become an important part of the field of optical fiber communications. This article will introduce the working principle and application of MPO.

1. Working principle of MPO

MPO connector is a multi-core optical fiber connector that uses multi-core optical fibers arranged in parallel. The working principle of MPO connector mainly includes two aspects: fiber alignment and optical signal transmission.

Fiber alignment: The fiber alignment of MPO connectors is achieved through precise design and manufacturing. In an MPO connector, each fiber has a corresponding ceramic or metal ferrule with precise grooves for fixing the fiber. When two MPO connectors are inserted, the grooves between the ferrules automatically align, ensuring precise alignment between fibers.

Optical signal transmission: Optical signal transmission of MPO connectors is achieved through physical contact between optical fibers. When two MPO connectors are inserted, a continuous optical path is formed between the optical fibers, and optical signals can be transmitted between the optical fibers. MPO connectors usually use multi-mode optical fiber or single-mode optical fiber, which can support different transmission distances and rates.

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2. Application fields of MPO

MPO connectors are widely used in many fields due to their high density, high reliability, and easy installation.

Data center: In a data center, a large number of optical fibers are needed to connect servers, storage devices, and network equipment. MPO connectors can provide high-density optical fiber connections, reduce cabinet space occupation, and provide high-speed, large-capacity data transmission.

Communication network: In communication networks, MPO connectors can be used for connections between fiber optic switches, fiber optic distribution frames, and fiber optic terminal equipment. MPO connectors can provide fast and reliable fiber optic connections to meet the needs of high-speed broadband communications.

Data transmission: In the field of data transmission, MPO connectors can be used to connect equipment such as fiber optic sensors, fiber optic measuring instruments, and fiber optic monitoring systems. MPO connectors can provide high-precision optical fiber connections to ensure accurate data transmission.

Wireless communication: In the field of wireless communications, MPO connectors can be used to connect fiber antennas and fiber distribution systems. MPO connectors can provide high-speed, low-loss optical fiber connections to improve the performance and coverage of wireless communication systems.

Other applications: In addition to the above fields, MPO connectors can also be used in medical equipment, military communications, aerospace, and other fields. The high density and reliability of MPO connectors make them ideal in these areas.

As a multi-core optical fiber connector, the MPO connector has the characteristics of high density, high reliability, and easy installation, and has been widely used in the field of optical fiber communications. Through precise optical fiber alignment and optical signal transmission, MPO connectors can provide fast and reliable optical fiber connections to meet the needs of different fields. With the continuous development of information technology, MPO connectors will continue to play an important role and be used in more application fields.

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coco.li@fineconn.cn

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